#17シマ唄―奄美の文化の象徴

#17シマ唄―奄美の文化の象徴17 # Island song - Symbol of culture of Amami

 奄美には3つの「しま」があります。一つはアイランドの「島」、もう一つは集落を意味するシマです。3つ目は東京や関西、福岡、鹿児島、沖縄など全国各地に組織している出身者の集まり郷友会です。There are three "Island" in Amami. One is Island from whom "Island" of the island and another mean the village. The third is group Goyukai of the native who is organizing it in nationwide various places such as Tokyo, Kansai, Fukuoka, Kagoshima, and Okinawa.
  •   この中で最も重要視されるのは集落を意味するシマです。地元ではカタカナで表記します。方言や唄、踊り、人々の気質など、奄美の文化といわれるものはシマで育まれました。ですから漢字で表記されている奄美の島唄は、本来カタカナのシマ唄です。唄も言葉も集落ごとに微妙に違います。奄美大島の南部と北部では一般の人でもはっきりと違いが分かります。It writes by the katakana in local. The one called the culture of Amami like dialect, song, dance, and people's characters etc. was brought up by island. Therefore, Island song of the Amami written by the Chinese character is Island originally song of the katakana. The song and the language are slightly in each village different. Even a general person knows a hawk from a handsaw clearly in Amami Oshima's southern part and northern part.
  •  奄美のシマ唄の特徴は裏声を多様し、お互いに即興で掛け合う点にあります。最近はステージ化されて、掛け唄は影をひそめてしまいましたが、本来は農作業が終わった後、家でくつろぎながら唄を掛け合って楽しんだものでした。Is that it gives variety to the falsetto, and negotiate with each other to improvise feature of the island of Amami song.It was the one that it enjoyed that the song negotiated originally while relaxing at home after the labour for farming had ended though it was made to the stage recently, and the multiplication song had disappeared.
  •  シマ唄は伝説や神話、教訓、恋心、季節、日々の暮らしなどを歌ったものがたくさんあり、その舞台は今も島の各地に残っています。The Island song has a lot of things that the livelihood etc, of the legend, the myth, the lesson, love, the season, and every day were sung, and the stage remains in various places of the insula now.
  •  戦後、奄美のシマ唄は大人を中心に親しまれていましたが、20年ほど前から、小中学生や高校生が三味線を弾きながら歌う姿が目立つようになりました。シマ唄の深みを知り、ウタも上手な人格者をウタシャと呼び、奄美では一目置かれる存在です。After the war, the appearance that schoolchildren and the high school student sang while playing the samisen for about 20 years came to stand out though it was familiar with the Island song of Amami around the adult. It is existence to know the depth of the Island song, to call a man of character good at song Utashiya, and to acknowledge the superiority in Amami.